Linux磁盘LVM根目录扩容
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Linux磁盘LVM根目录扩容

cby
cby
2022-03-31 / 0 评论 / 547 阅读 / 正在检测是否收录...
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LVM 的基本概念

物理卷 Physical Volume (PV):可以在上面建立卷组的媒介,可以是硬盘分区,也可以是硬盘本身或者回环文件(loopback file)。物理卷包括一个特殊的 header,其余部分被切割为一块块物理区域(physical extents)

卷组 Volume group (VG):将一组物理卷收集为一个管理单元

逻辑卷 Logical volume (LV):虚拟分区,由物理区域(physical extents)组成

物理区域 Physical extent (PE):硬盘可供指派给逻辑卷的最小单位(通常为 4MB)

新建分区

root@hello:~# fdisk /dev/sda


Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.34).
Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.


GPT PMBR size mismatch (209715199 != 629145599) will be corrected by write.
The backup GPT table is not on the end of the device. This problem will be corrected by write.


Command (m for help): n
Partition number (4-128, default 4): 
First sector (209713152-629145566, default 209713152): 
Last sector, +/-sectors or +/-size{K,M,G,T,P} (209713152-629145566, default 629145566): 


Created a new partition 4 of type 'Linux filesystem' and of size 200 GiB.


Command (m for help): p
Disk /dev/sda: 300 GiB, 322122547200 bytes, 629145600 sectors
Disk model: QEMU HARDDISK   
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 9FD87B41-A400-4DD9-AE87-C852ACB2854D


Device         Start       End   Sectors  Size Type
/dev/sda1       2048      4095      2048    1M BIOS boot
/dev/sda2       4096   2101247   2097152    1G Linux filesystem
/dev/sda3    2101248 209713151 207611904   99G Linux filesystem
/dev/sda4  209713152 629145566 419432415  200G Linux filesystem


Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered.
Syncing disks.


root@hello:~#

扩展pv并查看

root@hello:~# pvcreate  /dev/sda4
  Physical volume "/dev/sda4" successfully created.

root@hello:~# pvdisplay 
  --- Physical volume ---
  PV Name               /dev/sda3
  VG Name               ubuntu-vg
  PV Size               <99.00 GiB / not usable 0   
  Allocatable           yes (but full)
  PE Size               4.00 MiB
  Total PE              25343
  Free PE               0
  Allocated PE          25343
  PV UUID               DfUNvp-F4D5-J6Rj-sMcS-PqE1-bKf6-2XLfb2


  --- Physical volume ---
  PV Name               /dev/sda4
  VG Name               ubuntu-vg
  PV Size               200.00 GiB / not usable 4.98 MiB
  Allocatable           yes (but full)
  PE Size               4.00 MiB
  Total PE              51199
  Free PE               0
  Allocated PE          51199
  PV UUID               yeXSs6-mUWY-Q31q-oD0J-yWHA-zPfp-92AKrO

扩展vg并查看

root@hello:~# vgextend ubuntu-vg /dev/sda4
  Volume group "ubuntu-vg" successfully extended

root@hello:~# vgdisplay 
  --- Volume group ---
  VG Name               ubuntu-vg
  System ID             
  Format                lvm2
  Metadata Areas        2
  Metadata Sequence No  4
  VG Access             read/write
  VG Status             resizable
  MAX LV                0
  Cur LV                1
  Open LV               1
  Max PV                0
  Cur PV                2
  Act PV                2
  VG Size               298.99 GiB
  PE Size               4.00 MiB
  Total PE              76542
  Alloc PE / Size       76542 / 298.99 GiB
  Free  PE / Size       0 / 0   
  VG UUID               QpG0NU-5tPY-q5Bw-mLIu-Axl6-mdtP-19WWq6

扩展lv并查看

root@hello:~# lvextend /dev/ubuntu-vg/ubuntu-lv /dev/sda4
  Size of logical volume ubuntu-vg/ubuntu-lv changed from <99.00 GiB (25343 extents) to 298.99 GiB (76542 extents).
  Logical volume ubuntu-vg/ubuntu-lv successfully resized.

root@hello:~# lvdisplay 
  --- Logical volume ---
  LV Path                /dev/ubuntu-vg/ubuntu-lv
  LV Name                ubuntu-lv
  VG Name                ubuntu-vg
  LV UUID                ODU5p6-8E8i-30tn-3hzs-AifF-iF4Z-HzMuFL
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time ubuntu-server, 2022-03-29 09:07:30 +0000
  LV Status              available
  # open                 1
  LV Size                298.99 GiB
  Current LE             76542
  Segments               2
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto
  - currently set to     256
  Block device           253:0

扩展根文件系统

root@hello:~# resize2fs /dev/ubuntu-vg/ubuntu-lv
resize2fs 1.45.5 (07-Jan-2020)
Filesystem at /dev/ubuntu-vg/ubuntu-lv is mounted on /; on-line resizing required
old_desc_blocks = 13, new_desc_blocks = 38
The filesystem on /dev/ubuntu-vg/ubuntu-lv is now 78379008 (4k) blocks long.

若是xfs文件系统,可以使用xfs_growfs命令

root@hello:~# df -hT | grep ubuntu--vg-ubuntu--lv
/dev/mapper/ubuntu--vg-ubuntu--lv ext4      294G   14G  268G   5% /
root@hello:~#

查看块设备的依赖关系

root@hello:~# lsblk
NAME                      MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
loop0                       7:0    0 31.1M  1 loop /snap/snapd/10707
loop1                       7:1    0 55.4M  1 loop /snap/core18/1944
loop2                       7:2    0 69.9M  1 loop /snap/lxd/19188
sda                         8:0    0  300G  0 disk 
├─sda1                      8:1    0    1M  0 part 
├─sda2                      8:2    0    1G  0 part /boot
├─sda3                      8:3    0   99G  0 part 
│ └─ubuntu--vg-ubuntu--lv 253:0    0  299G  0 lvm  /
└─sda4                      8:4    0  200G  0 part 
  └─ubuntu--vg-ubuntu--lv 253:0    0  299G  0 lvm  /
sr0                        11:0    1  1.1G  0 rom  
root@hello:~#

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