kubernetes 的TCP 数据包可视化
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kubernetes 的TCP 数据包可视化

cby
cby
2022-10-27 / 0 评论 / 437 阅读 / 正在检测是否收录...
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kubernetes 的TCP 数据包可视化

介绍

k8spacket是用 Golang 编写的工具,它使用gopacket第三方库来嗅探工作负载(传入和传出)上的 TCP 数据包。它在运行的容器网络接口上创建 TCP 侦听器。当 Kubernetes 创建一个新容器时,CNI 插件负责提供与其他容器进行通信的可能性。最常见的方法是用linux namespace隔离网络并用veth pair连接隔离的 namespace 与网桥。除了bridge 类型,CNI 插件还可以使用其他类型(vlan, ipvlan,macvlan),但都为容器创建了一个网络接口,它是k8spacket嗅探器的主要句柄。

k8spacket有助于了解 Kubernetes 集群中的 TCP 数据包流量:

  • 显示集群中工作负载之间的流量
  • 通知流量在集群外路由到哪里
  • 显示有关连接关闭套接字的信息
  • 显示工作负载发送/接收的字节数
  • 计算建立连接的时间
  • 显示整个集群中工作负载之间的网络连接拓扑

k8spacket是一个 Kubernetes API 客户端,可以将嗅探到的工作负载解析为可视化上可见的集群资源名称(PodsServices)。它作为DaemonSet Pod启动,使用 hostNetwork,并监听节点上的网络接口。

k8spacket 收集 TCP 流、处理数据,使用 Node Graph API Grafana 数据源插件(详情请查看 Node Graph API 插件),通过 API 展示在Grafana面板。

要安装k8spacket,需要同时安装 Grafana。下面将在Kind安装的 k8s 集群上做演示。

添加 k8spacket 的helm源

[root@k8s-master-1 ~]# helm repo add k8spacket https://k8spacket.github.io/k8spacket-helm-chart
"k8spacket" has been added to your repositories
[root@k8s-master-1 ~]#
[root@k8s-master-1 ~]#
[root@k8s-master-1 ~]#
[root@k8s-master-1 ~]# helm install k8spacket --namespace k8spacket k8spacket/k8spacket --create-namespace
NAME: k8spacket
LAST DEPLOYED: Thu Oct 27 18:48:30 2022
NAMESPACE: k8spacket
STATUS: deployed
REVISION: 1
TEST SUITE: None
NOTES:
1. Get the application URL by running these commands:
  export NODE_PORT=$(kubectl get --namespace k8spacket -o jsonpath="{.spec.ports[0].nodePort}" services k8spacket)
  export NODE_IP=$(kubectl get nodes --namespace k8spacket -o jsonpath="{.items[0].status.addresses[0].address}")
  echo http://$NODE_IP:$NODE_PORT
[root@k8s-master-1 ~]#

查看 pod 信息

root@hello:~# kubectl  get pod -n k8spacket
NAME              READY   STATUS             RESTARTS      AGE
k8spacket-46587   0/1     CrashLoopBackOff   2 (23s ago)   2m24s
k8spacket-9wb5q   0/1     CrashLoopBackOff   1 (6s ago)    2m24s
k8spacket-grh7k   0/1     ImagePullBackOff   0             2m24s
k8spacket-hcgg4   0/1     CrashLoopBackOff   1 (4s ago)    2m24s
k8spacket-ng99p   0/1     CrashLoopBackOff   1 (3s ago)    2m24s
k8spacket-p7hgb   0/1     CrashLoopBackOff   1 (4s ago)    2m24s
k8spacket-pk4zt   0/1     CrashLoopBackOff   1 (4s ago)    2m24s
k8spacket-tcksl   0/1     CrashLoopBackOff   1 (6s ago)    2m24s
k8spacket-tkzcc   0/1     CrashLoopBackOff   1 (8s ago)    2m24s
k8spacket-w8r5r   0/1     CrashLoopBackOff   3 (11s ago)   2m24s
root@hello:~#

查看报错为 tunl0 问题

[root@k8s-master-1 ~]# kubectl logs -n k8spacket k8spacket-46587
2022/10/27 13:35:36 Serving requests on port 6676
2022/10/27 13:35:36 Refreshing interfaces for capturing...
2022/10/27 13:35:36 Starting capture on interface "cilium_host"
2022/10/27 13:35:36 Starting capture on interface "tunl0"
2022/10/27 13:35:36 Starting capture on interface "lxc_health"
2022/10/27 13:35:36 Starting capture on interface "cilium_net"
2022/10/27 13:35:36 Starting capture on interface "lxcaaf84592af2d"
2022/10/27 13:35:36 Starting capture on interface "lxcc06519232b44"
2022/10/27 13:35:36 reading in packets
2022/10/27 13:35:36 reading in packets
2022/10/27 13:35:36 error opening pcap handle: tunl0: That device is not up
[root@k8s-master-1 ~]#

修改配置

# 将 charts 包拉取到本地 在进行修改信息
[root@k8s-master-1 ~]# cd /tmp/
[root@k8s-master-1 tmp]# helm fetch k8spacket/k8spacket
[root@k8s-master-1 tmp]# tar -zxf k8spacket-0.1.3.tgz 
[root@k8s-master-1 tmp]# cd k8spacket


# 设置配置为  
command: "ip address | grep @  | grep -v tunl0 | sed -E 's/.* (\\w+)@.*/\\1/' | tr '\\n' ',' | sed 's/.$//'"

# 完整配置如下
[root@k8s-master-1 k8spacket]# vim values.yaml
[root@k8s-master-1 k8spacket]# cat values.yaml
replicaCount: 1

affinity: {}

image:
  repository: docker.io/k8spacket/k8spacket
  pullPolicy: IfNotPresent

serviceAccount:
  create: true
  # Annotations to add to the service account
  annotations: {}

clusterRole:
  create: true

nodeSelector: {}

podAnnotations: {}

priorityClassName: ""

podSecurityContext:
  runAsUser: 1000

securityContext:
  allowPrivilegeEscalation: true
  capabilities:
    add: [ "NET_ADMIN", "NET_RAW" ]

service:
  type: ClusterIP
  port: 8080
  nodePort:

resources:
  requests:
    memory: "1000Mi"
    cpu: "250m"
  limits:
    memory: "1500Mi"
    cpu: "500m"

tolerations: []

k8sPacket:
  metrics:
    ## Hide source port when 'true' (set to string value 'dynamic' instead of decimal real source port) for Prometheus metrics cardinality reasons
    hideSourcePort: true
    reverseLookup:
      ## Reverse lookup db file based on GeoLite2 Free Geolocation Data
      ## See: https://dev.maxmind.com/geoip/geolite2-free-geolocation-data?lang=en
      geoipDBPath: "/home/k8spacket/GeoLite2-City.mmdb"
      ## Whois result match regexp
      whoisRegexp: "(?:OrgName:|org-name:)\\s*(.*)"
  tcp:
    listener:
      port: 6676
      interfaces:
        ## Command to achieve containers network interfaces
        command: "ip address | grep @  | grep -v tunl0 | sed -E 's/.* (\\w+)@.*/\\1/' | tr '\\n' ',' | sed 's/.$//'"
        ## How often refresh the list of network interfaces to listen
        refreshPeriod: "10s"
    assembler:
      ## See: https://pkg.go.dev/github.com/google/gopacket/tcpassembly#AssemblerOptions
      maxPagesPerConnection: 50
      maxPagesTotal: 50
      ## Every (periodDuration) seconds, flush connections that haven't seen activity in the past (closeOlderThanDuration) seconds.
      flushing:
        periodDuration: "10s"
        closeOlderThanDuration: "20s"
[root@k8s-master-1 k8spacket]#

重新安装 k8spacket

[root@k8s-master-1 k8spacket]# helm uninstall k8spacket -n k8spacket

[root@k8s-master-1 k8spacket]# helm install k8spacket --namespace k8spacket . --create-namespace
NAME: k8spacket
LAST DEPLOYED: Thu Oct 27 21:47:38 2022
NAMESPACE: k8spacket
STATUS: deployed
REVISION: 1
TEST SUITE: None
NOTES:
1. Get the application URL by running these commands:
  export NODE_PORT=$(kubectl get --namespace k8spacket -o jsonpath="{.spec.ports[0].nodePort}" services k8spacket)
  export NODE_IP=$(kubectl get nodes --namespace k8spacket -o jsonpath="{.items[0].status.addresses[0].address}")
  echo http://$NODE_IP:$NODE_PORT
[root@k8s-master-1 k8spacket]#

查看验证

[root@k8s-master-1 ~]# kubectl  get pod -n k8spacket  -o wide
NAME              READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE     IP             NODE           NOMINATED NODE   READINESS GATES
k8spacket-8kxnx   1/1     Running   0          4m27s   192.168.1.66   k8s-node-3     <none>           <none>
k8spacket-cqpks   1/1     Running   0          4m27s   192.168.1.70   k8s-node-6     <none>           <none>
k8spacket-h72fc   1/1     Running   0          4m27s   192.168.1.67   k8s-node-4     <none>           <none>
k8spacket-jkxg9   1/1     Running   0          4m27s   192.168.1.75   k8s-node-7     <none>           <none>
k8spacket-kgpql   1/1     Running   0          4m27s   192.168.1.62   k8s-master-2   <none>           <none>
k8spacket-lf9br   1/1     Running   0          4m27s   192.168.1.61   k8s-master-1   <none>           <none>
k8spacket-mcbv5   1/1     Running   0          4m27s   192.168.1.68   k8s-node-5     <none>           <none>
k8spacket-ndlzt   1/1     Running   0          4m27s   192.168.1.64   k8s-node-1     <none>           <none>
k8spacket-vfg2x   1/1     Running   0          4m27s   192.168.1.63   k8s-master-3   <none>           <none>
k8spacket-vvwtr   1/1     Running   0          4m27s   192.168.1.65   k8s-node-2     <none>           <none>
[root@k8s-master-1 ~]#

[root@k8s-master-1 ~]# kubectl  get svc -n k8spacket  -o wide
NAME        TYPE        CLUSTER-IP     EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)    AGE     SELECTOR
k8spacket   ClusterIP   10.110.30.53   <none>        8080/TCP   4m31s   app.kubernetes.io/instance=k8spacket,app.kubernetes.io/name=k8spacket
[root@k8s-master-1 ~]#


访问验证
[root@k8s-master-1 ~]# curl 10.110.30.53:8080/metrics

安装 dashboards 配置

[root@k8s-master-1 ~]# cd /tmp/
[root@k8s-master-1 tmp]#
[root@k8s-master-1 tmp]# wget https://github.com/k8spacket/k8spacket/archive/refs/heads/master.zip
[root@k8s-master-1 tmp]# unzip master.zip
[root@k8s-master-1 tmp]#
[root@k8s-master-1 tmp]# cd k8spacket-master
[root@k8s-master-1 k8spacket-master]# 
[root@k8s-master-1 k8spacket-master]# kubectl apply -f ./dashboards/
configmap/k8spacket-logs-dashboard created
configmap/k8spacket-metrics-dashboard created
configmap/k8spacket-node-graph-dashboard created
[root@k8s-master-1 k8spacket-master]#

安装 Grafana

[root@k8s-master-1 tmp]# helm repo add grafana https://grafana.github.io/helm-charts
"grafana" has been added to your repositories
[root@k8s-master-1 tmp]# helm fetch grafana/grafana
[root@k8s-master-1 tmp]#
[root@k8s-master-1 tmp]# tar -zxf grafana-6.43.1.tgz 

修改Grafana配置内容

[root@k8s-master-1 tmp]# cd grafana/
[root@k8s-master-1 grafana]#
[root@k8s-master-1 grafana]# vim values.yaml

修改以下配置内容

persistence:
  type: pvc
  enabled: true
 
env:
  GF_INSTALL_PLUGINS: hamedkarbasi93-nodegraphapi-datasource
 
dashboardProviders:
  dashboardproviders.yaml:
    apiVersion: 1
    providers:
    - name: 'default'
      orgId: 1
      folder: ''
      type: file
      disableDeletion: false
      editable: true
      options:
        path: /var/lib/grafana/dashboards/default
 
dashboardsConfigMaps:
  default: k8spacket-node-graph-dashboard
 
datasources:
  nodegraphapi-plugin-datasource.yaml:
      apiVersion: 1
      datasources:
      - name: "Node Graph API"
        jsonData:
          url: "http://k8spacket.k8spacket.svc.cluster.local:8080"
        access: "proxy"
        basicAuth: false
        isDefault: false
        readOnly: false
        type: "hamedkarbasi93-nodegraphapi-datasource"
        typeLogoUrl: "public/plugins/hamedkarbasi93-nodegraphapi-datasource/img/logo.svg"
        typeName: "node-graph-plugin"
        orgId: 1
        version: 1

安装Grafana

[root@k8s-master-1 grafana]# helm install grafana -f values.yaml  ./
NAME: grafana
LAST DEPLOYED: Thu Oct 27 22:11:27 2022
NAMESPACE: default
STATUS: deployed
REVISION: 1
NOTES:
1. Get your 'admin' user password by running:

   kubectl get secret --namespace default grafana -o jsonpath="{.data.admin-password}" | base64 --decode ; echo

2. The Grafana server can be accessed via port 80 on the following DNS name from within your cluster:

   grafana.default.svc.cluster.local

   Get the Grafana URL to visit by running these commands in the same shell:

     export POD_NAME=$(kubectl get pods --namespace default -l "app.kubernetes.io/name=grafana,app.kubernetes.io/instance=grafana" -o jsonpath="{.items[0].metadata.name}")
     kubectl --namespace default port-forward $POD_NAME 3000

3. Login with the password from step 1 and the username: admin
[root@k8s-master-1 grafana]# 

修改为NodePort

[root@k8s-master-1 grafana]# kubectl  get svc
NAME                   TYPE        CLUSTER-IP       EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)          AGE
echo-a                 ClusterIP   10.108.160.226   <none>        8080/TCP         6d9h
echo-b                 NodePort    10.108.200.169   <none>        8080:31414/TCP   6d9h
echo-b-headless        ClusterIP   None             <none>        8080/TCP         6d9h
echo-b-host-headless   ClusterIP   None             <none>        <none>           6d9h
grafana                ClusterIP   10.101.109.183   <none>        80/TCP           4m
kubernetes             ClusterIP   10.96.0.1        <none>        443/TCP          6d9h
[root@k8s-master-1 grafana]#

[root@k8s-master-1 grafana]# kubectl  edit svc grafana
service/grafana edited
[root@k8s-master-1 grafana]#
[root@k8s-master-1 grafana]# kubectl  get svc
NAME                   TYPE        CLUSTER-IP       EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)          AGE
echo-a                 ClusterIP   10.108.160.226   <none>        8080/TCP         6d9h
echo-b                 NodePort    10.108.200.169   <none>        8080:31414/TCP   6d9h
echo-b-headless        ClusterIP   None             <none>        8080/TCP         6d9h
echo-b-host-headless   ClusterIP   None             <none>        <none>           6d9h
grafana                NodePort    10.101.109.183   <none>        80:30973/TCP     4m37s
kubernetes             ClusterIP   10.96.0.1        <none>        443/TCP          6d9h
[root@k8s-master-1 grafana]# 

查看Grafana密码

[root@k8s-master-1 grafana]# kubectl get secret --namespace default grafana -o jsonpath="{.data.admin-password}" | base64 --decode ; echo
9O1Hd9LOqJ6LKUjZTlEWAGeXRitr0CZd4p6fr00J
[root@k8s-master-1 grafana]# 

访问地址

访问
http://192.168.1.61:30973/

添加 Node Graph API 插件
http://192.168.1.61:30973/plugins

查看 Node Graph API 数据收集源
http://192.168.1.61:30973/datasources

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