Ubuntu安装typecho博客
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Ubuntu安装typecho博客

cby
cby
2023-12-08 / 2 评论 / 111 阅读 / 正在检测是否收录...
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Ubuntu安装typecho博客

简介

名称的来历

Typecho 是由 type 和 echo 两个词合成的,来自于开发团队的头脑风暴。

Type,有打字的意思,博客这个东西,正是一个让我们通过打字,在网络上表达自己的平台。Echo,意思是回声、反馈、共鸣,也是PHP里最常见、最重要的函数,相信大部分PHP爱好者都是从 echo 'Hello,world!'; 开始自己的PHP编程之路的。

Typecho 是国内开发者开发的一款开源免费的动态博客程序,可以运行在基于 PHP 环境的各种平台上。

相比于同为动态博客并且广为人知的 WordPress 来说,Typecho 的一大特点就是 “精简”。全部文件不足 500KB,但却也实现了完整的主题和插件支持。博客程序很轻量,资源占用也很低,原生支持 Markdown 语法。属于省心并且简洁的博客类型。

安装所需环境

# 安装PHP所需插件
# 添加ppa源
add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php
apt install nginx php7.4 php7.4-mysql php7.4-fpm

下载安装主程序

# 进入网站所在目录
root@cby:~# cd /var/www/html/
root@cby:/var/www/html# ls
index.nginx-debian.html  index.php  php.php
root@cby:/var/www/html# ll
total 20
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec  6 16:29 ./
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Dec  6 16:01 ../
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  612 Dec  6 16:01 index.nginx-debian.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   20 Dec  6 16:29 php.php
root@cby:/var/www/html# 

# 下载安装包
root@cby:/var/www/html# wget https://mirrors.chenby.cn/https://github.com/typecho/typecho/releases/latest/download/typecho.zip
--2023-12-06 16:35:48--  https://mirrors.chenby.cn/https://github.com/typecho/typecho/releases/latest/download/typecho.zip
Resolving mirrors.chenby.cn (mirrors.chenby.cn)... 172.67.134.246, 104.21.25.253, 2606:4700:3032::ac43:86f6, ...
Connecting to mirrors.chenby.cn (mirrors.chenby.cn)|172.67.134.246|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Found
Cookie coming from mirrors.chenby.cn attempted to set domain to github.com
Cookie coming from mirrors.chenby.cn attempted to set domain to github.com
Location: /https://github.com/typecho/typecho/releases/download/v1.2.1/typecho.zip [following]
--2023-12-06 16:35:49--  https://mirrors.chenby.cn/https://github.com/typecho/typecho/releases/download/v1.2.1/typecho.zip
Reusing existing connection to mirrors.chenby.cn:443.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 610472 (596K) [application/octet-stream]
Saving to: ‘typecho.zip’

typecho.zip                           100%[=======================================================================>] 596.16K   935KB/s    in 0.6s    

2023-12-06 16:35:50 (935 KB/s) - ‘typecho.zip’ saved [610472/610472]

# 解压安装包
root@cby:/var/www/html# unzip typecho.zip 
Archive:  typecho.zip
  inflating: LICENSE.txt             
   creating: admin/
  inflating: admin/editor-js.php     
  inflating: admin/table-js.php      
  inflating: admin/options-general.php  
      ******略******
  inflating: var/Widget/Contents/Page/Rows.php  
  inflating: var/Widget/Contents/Page/Admin.php  
  inflating: var/Widget/Contents/Page/Edit.php  
  inflating: var/Widget/XmlRpc.php   
root@cby:/var/www/html# 
root@cby:/var/www/html# 
root@cby:/var/www/html# 

# 添加权限
root@cby:/var/www/html# chmod 777 * -R

修改配置

# 修改NGINX配置
vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
#添加路由信息
--------------- 略 ---------------
        if (-f $request_filename/index.html) {
            rewrite (.*) $1/index.html break;
            }
            if (-f $request_filename/index.php) {
            rewrite (.*) $1/index.php;
            }
            if (!-f $request_filename) {
            rewrite (.*) /index.php;
            }
            
        location ~ \.php$ {
                    include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
                    fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
                    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
                    include        fastcgi_params;
                    fastcgi_intercept_errors  on;
            }
--------------- 略 ---------------

重启服务

# 设置开机自启
root@cby:~# systemctl enable nginx
Synchronizing state of nginx.service with SysV service script with /lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install.
Executing: /lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install enable nginx
# 重启NGINX
root@cby:~# systemctl restart nginx
# 查看状态
root@cby:~# systemctl status nginx
● nginx.service - A high performance web server and a reverse proxy server
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Fri 2023-12-08 10:09:31 CST; 42s ago
       Docs: man:nginx(8)
    Process: 632604 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/nginx -t -q -g daemon on; master_process on; (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
    Process: 632605 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx -g daemon on; master_process on; (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
   Main PID: 632606 (nginx)
      Tasks: 5 (limit: 3943)
     Memory: 112.5M
        CPU: 108ms
     CGroup: /system.slice/nginx.service
             ├─632606 "nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx -g daemon on; master_process on;"
             ├─632607 "nginx: worker process" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" ""
             ├─632608 "nginx: worker process" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" ""
             ├─632609 "nginx: worker process" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" ""
             └─632610 "nginx: worker process" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" ""

Dec 08 10:09:31 cby systemd[1]: Starting A high performance web server and a reverse proxy server...
Dec 08 10:09:31 cby systemd[1]: Started A high performance web server and a reverse proxy server.
root@cby:~# 


# 设置开机自启
root@cby:~# systemctl enable php7.4-fpm
Synchronizing state of php7.4-fpm.service with SysV service script with /lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install.
Executing: /lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install enable php7.4-fpm
# 重启PHP-FPM
root@cby:~# systemctl restart php7.4-fpm
# 查看状态
root@cby:~# systemctl status php7.4-fpm.service 
● php7.4-fpm.service - The PHP 7.4 FastCGI Process Manager
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/php7.4-fpm.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Fri 2023-12-08 10:11:02 CST; 2s ago
       Docs: man:php-fpm7.4(8)
    Process: 633187 ExecStartPost=/usr/lib/php/php-fpm-socket-helper install /run/php/php-fpm.sock /etc/php/7.4/fpm/pool.d/www.conf 74 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
   Main PID: 633184 (php-fpm7.4)
     Status: "Ready to handle connections"
      Tasks: 3 (limit: 3943)
     Memory: 11.0M
        CPU: 64ms
     CGroup: /system.slice/php7.4-fpm.service
             ├─633184 "php-fpm: master process (/etc/php/7.4/fpm/php-fpm.conf)" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" ""
             ├─633185 "php-fpm: pool www" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" >
             └─633186 "php-fpm: pool www" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" >

Dec 08 10:11:02 cby systemd[1]: Starting The PHP 7.4 FastCGI Process Manager...
Dec 08 10:11:02 cby systemd[1]: Started The PHP 7.4 FastCGI Process Manager.
root@cby:~# 

我的NGINX配置文件

# NGINX配置文件
user www-data;
worker_processes auto;
pid /run/nginx.pid;
include /etc/nginx/modules-enabled/*.conf;

events {
    worker_connections 768;
}

http {

    sendfile on;
    tcp_nopush on;
    types_hash_max_size 2048;

    include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type application/octet-stream;

    ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3; # Dropping SSLv3, ref: POODLE
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;


    access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;

    gzip on;

    log_format  main '{ "@timestamp": "$time_local", '
                        '"remote_addr": "$remote_addr",'
                        '"remote_port": "$remote_port",'
                        '"scheme": "$scheme",'
                        '"request_uri": "$request_uri",'
                        '"request_method": "$request_method",'
                        '"request_time": "$request_time",'
                        '"request_length": "$request_length",'
                        '"response_status": "$status",'
                        '"body_bytes_sent": "$body_bytes_sent",'
                        '"http_referer": "$http_referer",'
                        '"http_user_agent": "$http_user_agent",'
                        '"http_x_forwarded_for": "$http_x_forwarded_for",'
                        '"upstream_addr": "$upstream_addr",'
                        '"upstream_response_time": "$upstream_response_time",'
                        '"request_body": "$request_body"}';


    server {
        listen 80 default_server;
        listen [::]:80 default_server;
            
        listen 443 ssl http2;
        listen [::]:443 ssl http2;

        ssl_certificate    /ssl/cert.pem;
        ssl_certificate_key    /ssl/cert.key;
        ssl_protocols TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3;
        ssl_ecdh_curve X25519:prime256v1:secp384r1:secp521r1;
        ssl_ciphers ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256;
        ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
        ssl_session_timeout 10m;
        ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:10m;
        ssl_buffer_size 2k;
        add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=15768000;
        ssl_stapling on;
        ssl_stapling_verify on;


        error_log /var/logs/nginx-error.log info;
        access_log /var/logs/nginx-access.log main;

        root /var/www/html;
        index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;
        
        server_name _;
        
        location / {
            try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
        }
            
        if (-f $request_filename/index.html) {
            rewrite (.*) $1/index.html break;
            }
            if (-f $request_filename/index.php) {
            rewrite (.*) $1/index.php;
            }
            if (!-f $request_filename) {
            rewrite (.*) /index.php;
            }
            
        location ~ \.php$ {
                    include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
                    fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
                    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
                    include        fastcgi_params;
                    fastcgi_intercept_errors  on;
            }
    }
    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
    include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;
}

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    Windows 10 · Google Chrome

    写的很详细

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  2. 头像
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    Windows 10 · Google Chrome

    表情

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